Tag Archives: 16th Century

1529: Fortifications

In 1527, a republican government was established in the city-state of Florence after residents ousted the ruling Medici family. The pope at the time, Clement VII, was himself a Medici—and he took affront at the rebellion and resolved to capture … Continue reading

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1562: Namesakes

The city of Richmond, California is named after the city of Richmond, Virginia, which is named after the English town of Richmond near London, which was named for Richmond Palace, which Henry VII named after his ancestral home in Richmond, … Continue reading

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1974: Iconography

Annibale Carracci: Christ Crowned with Thorns (16th Century) Phil Roman, director: It’s the Easter Beagle, Charlie Brown (1974)  

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1939: The History of Spitting

The pioneering sociologist Norbert Elias published The Civilizing Process in 1939 with the aim of tracing how Europeans came to imagine what it meant to be “civilized.” In the book, he argues that increasing interdependence in society—in which difference social … Continue reading

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1535: Panorama

Maerten van Heemskerck: Panorama with the Abduction of Helen Amidst the Wonders of the Ancient World (1535); click for detail.

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16th Century: Crab

Parmigianino (1503-1540): A Crab Holding a Mussel Open with its Claws

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1550: Le Petit Lorrain

Ambroise Paré’s designed this mechanical hand—which he named “Le Petit Lorrain” — in the 1550’s for a French Army captain. The thumb is stationary, but a mechanical lever operates the other fingers.  This illustration is taken from a 1663 edition … Continue reading

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