Once the financial capital of the world, New York began in the early twenty-first century to attempt to defend its elaborate and expensive infrastructure against the sea. But that infrastructure had been designed and built with an expectation of constant seas and was not easily adapted to continuous, rapid rise. Like the Netherlands, New York City gradually lost its struggle. Ultimately, it proved less expensive to retreat to higher ground, abandoning centuries’ worth of capital investments.
—Erik M. Conway and Naomi Oreskes: The Collapse of Western Civilization: A View from the Future (2014)
Image: Heidi Cullen: Weather of the Future (2011)