Konstantin Bogaevsky: Mountain Landscape
The painting is undated; Bogaevsky died in 1943
In 1922, the Greek government concocted an unusual scheme for dealing with a large deficit in the country’s budget. Largely caused by the expense of WWI, the deficit had soared exponentially, and the government could neither tax nor borrow itself out of the situation. Thus, on March 25, 1922, the government decreed that all citizens were to physically cut all banknotes in half. One half of each banknote would be kept by the owner and would be worth half the value of the original. The other half was to be surrendered to the government—and the owner would receive in exchange a 20-year loan at 6.5 percent interest.
The plan may have worked. After peaking at 85% in 1923, inflation steadily declined until the end of the decade.
A selection from Charles William Kimmins’s book Children’s Dreams (1920):
A lady was sitting on my bed, and the King and Queen were under the bed eating bread and butter, and a lot of ladies with them.
The sun and moon were on the floor in my room, so that I could not walk about, and so I went to heaven where all the lights were up, and there were many colours.
I dreamt a dustman put me in a box and took me in a cart, and brought me back to the wrong bed, but when I woke up, I was in the right bed.
I was in a loaf of bread, and a German cut it into little bits, and saw me; I flew away — I had wings on me.
I dreamt that I was going to be washed. And then I was being put in the bath to be washed. After I was washed, I was wrung out in the mangle. Then I was hung on the line. I was hanging on the line when it started to rain. My mother took me in and ironed me. The iron was hot. And then I woke up.
The dream I dreamt last night was impossible. I was going in the grocer’s when I noticed that the owner of the shop instead of sprinkling sawdust on the floor he sprinkled sugar, and of course I trod on it. Then he sent for the policeman, and told him that I had trodden on his precious sugar, and then I was taken to the police station. The next day I was to have my trial. When I was in the court, I was very frightened. Much to my sorrow, my sentence was that I should be hung in three days. On the fourth day, I was very sad because this was my last hour. Presently, I heard soldiers unlocking the door of my cell. Then sadly I walked to the scaffold. But directly my feet touched the scaffold I awoke.
Last night I had a most peculiar dream, part of which I cannot recall. At first I saw my brother in naval uniform on a ship. I then saw my mother crying, and then I seemed to be gazing into nothingness. Previous to this period I was standing beside my teacher having my sums marked. Again I saw my brother, then slowly he faded away, and all seemed in a confusion. Gradually my mother came into sight, and then a military funeral. The coffin which I dreamt bore my brother, was covered with a Union Jack and crowned with flowers. This was not all; beside me in full uniform stood my brother, who was viewing his own funeral. Then came the conclusion, I saw my mother weeping, then everything faded away, and, when I awoke, I discovered my pillow was wet with tears.
One night I went to bed very late, and I had a nice dream. I dreamt I was flying along the sky with some birds and we flew on a mountain top. On the top of the mountain was a big nest as big as a haystack, there were other younger birds in the nest, and they were pleased to see me. The next morning, I had a good breakfast of boiled eggs and mutton, after breakfast, all the little birds flew on another mountain top which afterwards they told me was their school. Then they came back with two fat calves and a basket of eggs which they robbed. The mother bird cooked some eggs for me and fried some meat, which I enjoyed. After dinner we slept. I was soon awake at tea time, but instead of tea I had milk, but the birds had water. Then the mother bird took me to a little room where there was a cosy bed. I was soon asleep, but I was awakened by my mother, who said it was time to get up.