David Teniers the Younger: The Rich Man Being Led to Hell (c 1647)
There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine linen, and fared sumptuously every day. And there was a certain beggar named Lazarus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores, and desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell from the rich man’s table: moreover the dogs came and licked his sores. And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham’s bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried; and in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
—Luke 16:19-23 (KJV)
Note that “the skull cap was a common accessory for 17th-century dignitaries, scholars and men of all faiths; it did not become associated with Jewish dress until the 20th century” (source).