Tag Archives: René Descartes

1649: Descartes’s Wooden Daughter

When Descartes resided in Holland, with great labour and industry he made a female Automaton—which occasioned some wicked wits to publish that he had an illegitimate daughter, named Franchine—to prove demonstratively that beasts have no souls, and that they are … Continue reading

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1653: She Cursed and Swore like a Musketeer

Christina, the Queen of Sweden from 1632 to 1654, famously rejected traditional gender roles, often wearing men’s clothing and excelling at traditionally masculine pursuits. She was also one of the most educated women of the Renaissance, had a mischievous sense … Continue reading

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